The Abbasids were the third and one of the longest and most important Caliphates of the Islamic history. They are descended of Muhammad's uncle, Al-Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, from whom the dynasty takes its name. They ruled as caliphs for most of their reign from their capital in Baghdad in modern-day Iraq.
Abd Allah al-Saffah was the first caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate. Their coins differed slightly from those of their precursors, the Umayyads. The above shown silver Dirham was issued in the reign of Caliph Al-Saffah. The obverse a coin depicts the Persian legend which translated as ‘In The Name of God. This dirham was struck in al-Kufa in the year 132’. The reverse showed the legend ‘Muhammad is the messenger of God’.
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