Khilji dynasty was a Muslim Dynasty who ruled Delhi from the period between 1290 CE-1320 CE. Khilji Dynasty was founded by Jalaluddin Khilji in the year 1290 CE, and it became the second dynasty to rule the Delhi Sultanate of India. The Khaljis were of Turko-Afghan origin they were a Turkic people, who had long been settled in Afghanistan before moving to Delhi.
Qutb Al-Din Mubarak Shah ruled Delhi for four years, but in this four years of reign, he issued coins in gold, silver, copper and Billon. According to his mint master Pheru, he created 44 different denominations, which contains more than 70 different types during his four years reign. But, many of these types are not known. For the first couple of years of his reign, he issued the coins in round shape. But, from the year AH 718 his coins were struck in a square shape.
This silver square tanka was issued by Qutb Al-Din Mubarak Shah. This coin was sold for INR 19,000 by Oswal Auction. The obverse of this coin is inscribed as ‘Al Sultan Ibn Al Sultan Al Wathiq Billah Amir Al Muminin’, within the square, Date and Mint name in outer margin. The reverse of the coin is inscribed as ‘Al Imam Al Azam Khalifa Rabb Al Alamin Qutb Al Dunya Wal Din Abul Muzaffar Mubarak Shah.
Image Courtesy: Oswal Auction