The Political unity of Awadh can be traced back to the ancient Hindu kingdom of Kosala, with the Ayodhya as its capital. In the medieval times, Awadh is mentioned during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great. In the British historical text, it is mention as ‘Audh’ or ‘Oudh’. The region is located in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh.
The Nawabs of this state traced their origin to ‘Muhammad Amin’, a Persian adventurer who served the Mughal Emperor, 'Muhammad Shah’. Muhammad Amin was appointed as the Subahdar of Awadh in 1720 AD. In the later period, Awadh declared its independence due towards the decline of the Mughal Empire.
This gold Ashrafi was issued by Ghazi-ud-din Haider during the 3rd year of his reign, in the year AH 1237. The obverse of the coin is inscribed with the Awadh Coat of Arms and reverse of the coin is inscribed with the name and title of the king.