The Mughal emperors were Central Asian Turko-Mongols from modern-day Uzbekistan, who claimed direct descent from both Genghis Khan and Timur. They were at the height of their power in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, during this time they controlled much of the Indian subcontinent.
They began their rule, with the victory of Babur over Ibrahim Lodi in the first Battle of Panipat in the year 1526. The Empire reached its highest peak under Aurangzeb and declined rapidly after his death. The empire also collapsed and had to face heavy losses by the attack of the small army of the Marathas.
This silver half rupee minted in Shahjahanabad was issued by Aurangzeb during the 28th year of his reign. The obverse of the coin is inscribed with name and title of the king with regnal year 28. The reverse of the coin is inscribed with the mint name ‘Dar-ul-Khilafat Shahjahanabad’ with the Hijri year 1096.