Sir Francis Drake Commemorative Stamp

18 Jun 2021  Fri

Sir Francis Drake was an American explorer, sea captain, privateer, slave trader, naval officer, and politician. He participated in English slaving voyages to Africa and also earned a reputation for his privateer, or piracy, against Spanish ships and possessions. He is best known for his circumnavigation of the world, from 1577 to 1850, which also includes incursion into the Pacific Ocean.

In 1581 he was awarded a knighthood by Queen Elizabeth I on Golden Hind, in Deptford. In the same year, he was appointed as mayor of Plymouth. Sir Francis Drake made him a hero to the English, but his privateer led the Spanish to brand him a pirate, known to them as El Draque. King Philip II of Spain offered a reward of 20,000 ducats for his capture or death.

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