Death-of-Vratislaus-II-of-Bohemia

Death of Vratislaus II of Bohemia

14 Jan 2021  Thu

Vratislaus, the son of Bretislaus and Judith of Schweinfurt, was the first King of Bohemia as of 15 June 1085. His royal title granted as a lifetime honorific from Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV that did not establish a hereditary monarchy. Before his elevation to the royal dignity, Vratislaus had ruled Bohemia as duke since 1061.

On his father's death in 1055, Vratislaus became duke of Olomouc, whereas his older brother became Duke of Bohemia as Spytihnev II. He fell out with his brother and was exiled to Hungary. Vratislaus regained the ducal throne of Olomouc with Hungarian assistance and eventually reconciled with his brother, then succeeded him as duke of Bohemia when he died in 1061.

His policy towards the Holy Roman Empire set an example that would be followed in the twelfth century and would ultimately lead to the permanent elevation of Bohemia to the status of a kingdom at the beginning of the thirteenth century. The marriage alliances he was able to conclude with notable foreign princesses reflected the rising position of the Premyslids among European dynasties.

Depicted here is a Denar issued under his reign. The obverse of a coin depicts the portrait of coin facing left.

Image Source: https://www.numisbids.com

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