The India-Pakistan War of 1965 was the result of border disputes and another attempt by Pakistan to capture Kashmir. Due to the current cold war politics in the world, namely, the United States of Soviet Russia (USSR) and United States of America’s (USA) strive to become the ultimate global power a ceasefire was sought to avoid this War from escalating into a global war.
On 10th January 1966, the Tashkent Declaration was signed ending the 17-day war between India and Pakistan. The diplomatic efforts of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resulted in a ceasefire on 22nd September 1965. USSR played the role of a mediator; Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan met at Tashkent, Moscow.
The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan declared their firm resolves to restore normal and peaceful relations between their countries and to promote understanding and friendly relations between their peoples.
The above coin is a 50 Rupees commemorative coin of Republic India which was issued in the year in 2015 to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of the 1965 Operations. The coin depicts Amar Jawan Monument (Inverted Rifle & Cap) flanked on both sides by Olive Branches on the reverse with the legend Golden Jubilee 1965 Operations, Valour & Sacrifice along with the year of issue.