Bonifacio Day in the Philippines

30 Nov 2020  Mon

Bonifacio Day s celebrated on November 30 to commemorate the birthday of Andres Bonifacio, a Filipino nationalist and revolutionary leader often called “the Father of the Philippine Revolution”.

Andres Bonifacio was born on November 30, 1863. In 1892 he founded a secret society Katipunan, which sought independence from Spain. In 1896 Katipunan staged an uprising against the Spanish authorities, which marked the beginning of the Philippine Revolution.

For some time Bonifacio was a national leader, but after several defeats, he was replaced by Emilio Aguinaldo. This decision was opposed by Bonifacio. Since Bonifacio started a rebel, Aguinaldo had to order his arrest. Andres Bonifacio was tried and executed on May 10, 1897.

The central bank of the Philippines issued a 20 Peso banknote in the year 1949. The banknote depicts portraits of Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto on the obverse along with the central bank seal. The reverse, on the other hand, depicts Primer (Cartilla) of the Katipunan and the Monument to the Heroes of 1896.

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