The invention of Mikhail Lomonosov

19 Nov 2020  Thu

Mikhail Lomonosov was a Russian poet, scientist, and grammarian who is often considered the first Great Russian linguistics reformer. He also made substantial contributions to the natural sciences, reorganized the St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Sciences, established in Moscow the university that today bears his name, and created the first coloured glass mosaics in Russia.

Lomonosov was born on November 19, 1711, in the village of Mishaninskaya (later renamed Lomonosovo in his honour). His father was a prosperous peasant fisherman turned shipowner, who amassed a small fortune transporting goods from Arkhangelsk to Pustozyorsk, Solovki, Kola, and Lapland.

Among his discoveries were the atmosphere of Venus and the law of conservation of mass in chemical reactions. His spheres of science were natural science, chemistry, physics, mineralogy, history, art, philology, optical devices and others. Lomonosov was also a poet and influenced the formation of the modern Russian literary language.

A great number of different stamps were issued in honour of Lomonosov throughout the years. A History of Russia (Ekaterina II) stamp depicts Lomonosov and his study room talking to the queen that was issued in 2004.

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