Jean-Paul Sartre declined the Nobel Prize in Literature

22 Oct 2020  Thu

Jean-Paul Sartre was a French novelist, playwright, and exponent of Existentialism—a philosophy acclaiming the freedom of the individual human being. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1964, but he declined it.

Jean-Paul Sartre was born on 21 June 1905 in Paris as the only child of Jean-Baptiste Sartre, an officer of the French Navy, and Anne-Marie (Schweitzer). His mother was of Alsatian origin and the first cousin of Nobel Prize laureate Albert Schweitzer, whose father Louis Theophile was the younger brother of Anne-Marie's father.

He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism. His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post-colonial theory, and literary studies, and continues to influence these disciplines.

To honour him Monaco Postal Department has issued a commemorative stamp of value1, 11 Euros. It depicts his portrait on a foreground.

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