The Ottoman Sultan Selim I, also known as Selim the Resolute ruled the empire from 1512 to 1520. His reign is notable for the enormous expansion of the Empire, particularly his conquest between 1516 and 1517 of the entire Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt, which included all of the Levant, Hejaz, Tihamah, and Egypt itself.
The Battle of Marj Dabiq was a decisive military engagement in Middle Eastern history, fought on 24 August 1516, near the town of Dabiq. The battle was part of the 1516–17 war between the Ottoman Empire and the Mamluk Sultanate, which ended in an Ottoman victory and conquest of much of the Middle East, bringing about the destruction of the Mamluk Sultanate. The Ottoman victory in this battle gave Selim's armies control of the entire region of Syria and opened the door to the conquest of Egypt.
Depicted here is gold Sultani issued under Selim’s reign from Constantinople (Kostantiniye) mint. It depicts beautiful Arabic inscriptions which include King’s name and title, mint name, and date of issue.
Image Source: https://www.sarc.auction