Frederick Banting: Discoverer of insulin

27 Jul 2020  Mon

Sir Fredrick Banting was a Canadian physician who along with Charles Best and John Rickard Macleod first conceived the idea which led to the discovery of Insulin in 1921. Injections of insulin proved to be the first effective treatment for diabetes, a disease in which glucose accumulates in abnormally high quantities in the blood. In 1923 Banting and John Rickard Macleod received the Nobel Prize in Medicine for their achievement.

He was born on November 14, 1891, at Alliston, Ontario. After attended public high school he enrolled himself at Victoria College for General Arts program. Every year his birthday is celebrated as World Diabetes Day.

Banting received the Nobel Prize at age 32; through this, he became the youngest Nobel laureate in the area of Physiology/Medicine. In 1923 the Government of Canada granted Banting a lifetime annuity to continue his work. In 1934 he was knighted by King George V.

The 50th anniversary of the discovery of insulin was commemorated on a Canadian stamp issued March 3, 1971. Toronto designer Ren Milot portrayed the four doctors in front of buildings significant to their individual careers. Dr. Banting appears in front of the University of Toronto medical building, which is no longer in existence.

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