The Bahama Parrot is also known as the Abaco Parrot which is 12-13 inches in length. It is easily distinguishable due to its white head and mostly green body. The scientific name of Bahama’s parrot is Amazona leucocephala bahamensis. It has patches of red feathers on its cheek, throat, and sometimes its abdomen, and its flight feature is of cobalt blue. It has two toes facing forward and two facing backward, a configuration is known as zygodactylism.
The distinctive feature of this species of parrots throughout the islands of the Caribbean is that they nest in the ground. This makes them vulnerable to predators like wild cats, wild boars, crabs and snakes, and heavy rains.
Columbus wrote about them in his travelogue, “Flocks of parrots darken the sun.”
The Bahamas National Trust reports that there are now less than 3,000. These birds are protected under the Wild Bird (Protection) Act. The Convention for the International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) lists the Bahama parrot as a species that is near extinction or very endangered.
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