Albert Claude was a Belgian-American cytologist who developed the principal methods of separating and analyzing components of the living cell. For this work, on which modern cell biology is partly based, Claude, his student George Palade, and Christian de Duve shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1974. Albert Claude was born in 1899 in Longlier, a hamlet in Neufchâteau, Belgium, to Florentin Joseph Claude and Marie-Glaudice Watriquant Claude.
His elementary education started in a comprehensive primary school at Longlier, his birthplace. He served in the British Intelligence Service during the First World War, and got imprisoned in concentration camps twice. In recognition of his service, he was granted enrolment at the University of Liège in Belgium to study medicine without any formal education required for the course. He earned his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1928.
Albert Claude was awarded the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for research on the structural and functional organization of cells. He died on May 22, 1983. Belgium Postal Department has issued a 1 Inland commemorative postage stamp in 2016. It depicts the portrait of Albert Claude along with Christian de Duve in the foreground.
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