French chemist Victor Grignard was born on this day in 1871

06 May 2020  Wed

Victor Grignard was a French chemist and co-recipient, with Paul Sabatier, of the 1912 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his development of the Grignard reaction. This work in organic magnesium compounds opened a broad area of organic synthesis.

Francois Auguste Victor Grignard was born on 6 May 1871, in the French port of Cherbourg. His father, a sailmaker by trade, was a foreman in the dockyard.

In 1901, he was awarded the degree "Docteur es Sciences Physiques" after his thesis on organic magnesium compounds. He then taught at Besancon and Nancy, returning to Lyon in 1908 where he would stay. Victor Grignard won the highest international distinction – the Nobel Prize for Chemistry – that he shared with Paul Sabatier in 1912. At the outset of World War I, he joined the army's research laboratory and in 1917 he visited the United States heading a scientific committee.

To remember this great chemist France Postal Department has issued this stamp in 1971. It features the portrait image of Victor Grignard. It also depicts the apparatus Grignard used to produce the Grignard reaction and The Nobel medal for chemistry.

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