Kanagasabai Subburathnam also known as Bharathidasan, was a 20th-century Tamil poet and writer rationalist whose literary works handled mostly socio-political issues.
Bharathidasan was born on 29th April, 1891to Kanagasabai Mudaliar and Lakshmi Ammal in a well-to-do merchant family of Pondicherry. Starting his life as a teacher, he contacts his senior contemporary and mentor, Subramania Bharthi, and Sri Aurobindo, who drew Bharathidasan into the National Movement.
He joined the Self Respect Movement led by Periyar and used his poems as a vehicle for nationalistic ideas. In addition to poetry, his views found expression in other forms such as plays, film scripts, short stories, and essays. The Government of Puducherry union territory has adopted the song of Invocation to Mother Tamil, written by Bharathidasan as the state song of Puducherry. (Tamil Thai Valthu (Puducherry).
Bharathidasan was conferred with the title of "Puratchi Kavingyar" (meaning the "Revolutionary Poet") by C. N. Annadurai. He won the Golden Parrot Prize in 1946 for his play Amaithi-Oomai (Peace and Dumbness). He was given the Sahitya Academy Award, posthumously in 1970 for his play Pisiranthaiyar.
His creative expression in the diverse field of poetry had a tremendous influence on the social and cultural life. To honor him, The Postal Department of Chennai has issued a 400 Paise commemorative stamp on 9 October 2001.
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