Ujjain and Mughal

27 Jul 2019  Sat

Ujjain is the city, situated in the Ujjain district in the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh. It is the fifth-largest city of Madhya Pradesh. This city is well known for its famous Hindu pilgrimage centre with the Kumbh Mela which is held here every 12 years. It was one of the most prominent city on the Malwa Plateau of central India.

During the ancient period, Ujjain was the dominant urban center of that region. Ujjain was one of the most important trade centers which connected all the major trade routes during that time. The important trade route which was connected to Ujjain was Pataliputra (Bihar), Shravasti (Kosala to the seaport in Sopara), Bharuch in Gujarat. On one time it was also served as the center of Science and culture in northern India.

King Vikramaditya had made this city as his capital and the great Sanskrit scholar Kalidas was in this court. In the years 1810, Sindhia shifted their capital from Ujjain to Gwalior. Later, in the year 1232, Delhi Sultanate Iltutmish invaded and plundered this city. This city was also controlled by the Mughal Empire. Mughal Emperor Akbar had made this city as his regional capital. During the 18th Century, this city was ruled by the Maratha. Ujjain had been a center of religion for Hindu, Jain and Buddha religion.

This silver rupee was issued by Mughal Emperor Akbar from the mint Ujjain during 46th year of his reign. The obverse side of the coin is inscribed as ‘Allahu Akbar at the top, Jale Jalaluhu at the bottom’. The reverse side of the coin is inscribed as ‘Ilahi month Azar at the top, mint name Ujjain and regnal year 46 at the bottom.

Image Courtesy: Classical Numismatic Gallery

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