The constitution of the United States was proposed on 29th September 1789 in Philadelphia, the first congress of the United States to proposed 12 amendments to the Constitution. Numbers three through twelve were adopted by the states to become the United States (U.S.) Bill of Rights, effective December 15, 1791. The constitution contains very few individual rights guarantees, as the framers were primarily focused on establishing the machinery for an effective federal government.
United States Bill of rights was proposed by James Madison; The Bill of Right is listed with the special prohibition on the governmental powers to protect the basic principle of human liberty. The Bill of Right was written by George Mason; it was strongly influenced by Virginia Declaration and other documents such as the Petition of Right, the English Bill of Rights, Magna Carta and the Massachusetts Body of Liberties.
The United States had issued this five dollars commemorative coin 22nd January 1993; this coin was authorized in commemoration of the first ten amendments of the Constitution of the United States, known as the Bill of Rights, and the role that James Madison played in supporting their adoption.
The obverse of this coin depicts the portrait of James Madison studying Bill of Right in the centre; with the inscription ‘JAMES MADISON’ inscribed below and the inscription ‘IN GOD WE TRUST’ and ‘LIBERTY’ with 13 stars around. The reverse of the coin features a Madison quote accented by an eagle, the torch of freedom and a laurel branch.
Image Courtesy: usmint.gov