The Mughal Empire, regarded by some as the Golden Era of Medieval India, was established by Babur in 1526 CE after defeating Ibrahim Lodi in the first Battle of Panipat. Struggling through the reoccurring revolts, Babur and Humayun failed to consolidate the rule in the region. It was only after winning the second Battle of Panipat (1556), between Hemu and Akbar, that the Mughals found a strong footing in India.
Akbar, who was only 13 years old when he ascended the throne of the Mughal Empire, is regarded as the greatest of the Mughal emperors and was an extremely capable ruler. His famed secularism is evident through the motifs and symbols from other religion inscribed on his coins. Through warfare, diplomacy and strategic planning, he formed a strong and stable economy which strengthened the hold of the Mughal Empire and was instrumental in its survival for another century and a half!
The coin depicts beside is a 10.71 g gold mohur of Akbar struck at the Agra mint in AH 974. This Very Rare coin has on its obverse an 'inverted heart' Arabesque mint-mark set beside the Kalima set within a circle; outside periphery has the names of the Khalifah-e-Rashidoons. The reverse has the King’s name.
Image Courtesy: Classical Numismatics Gallery