India attained independence on 15th August 1947. Following this event, a Bhore committee was established to constitute plans for the post-war development, welfare in various fields according to the comprehensive review of the nation’s population. This committee recommended that the statics of the population should be studied by the centre, due to it a Census Act came into force in 1948. The first post Independence era census was conducted in 1951 as per the provisions of this Act.
The first Census of Independent India enumeration process started today on 9th February and ended on 28th February 1951. It was the seventh census conducted following continuous series of population counting from the pre Independence era. India is among the very few states in the world that has a proud history of holding a census after every ten years.
This practice of holding census has a long history, the earliest Indian literature ‘Rig Veda’ reveals the practice of population counting process around 800 to 600 BC. Arthasastra of Kautilya also mentions the process of population counting. During the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar, comprehensive data pertaining to population was conducted and its account can be found in ‘Ain-e-Akbari’.
In 1881, the first census of pre-independence India was conducted and till liberation, the processed was followed. The process of a census is not mere counting of the heads it involves the collection of various demographic, social, cultural and economic characteristics of every individual in India. This new age has helped this process of data mining by introducing conventional machines to process data. Later in 1971, the census was recorded through computers.
India Post has issued a special postal stamp to commemorate the Census of 1971 on 10th March 1971. In 2011, India Post issued a commemorative stamp to mark the 15th Census of unbroken series from the year 1872. One can say India has successfully done the counting of its population for 15 times till now.
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