September 9 is marked as Day of the Victims of Holocaust and of Racial Violence in the Slovak Republic. The date of this Remembrance Day was chosen to commemorate the issuance of the Jews Code during the Second World War.
In 1939, most of the territory of present-day Slovakia was occupied by Nazi Germany. The Nazis proclaimed the Slovak State – a puppet state allied with Hitler's coalition. On September 9, 1941, the government passed the so-called Jewish Code. It bore a strong resemblance to the Nuremberg Laws in Germany. Jews were required to wear a yellow patch; they were banned from many jobs and intermarriage.
Deportation of Slovakian Jews to labor began shortly after. The overwhelming majority of Slovakia's Jewish population was murdered under Tiso's government. Day of the Victims of Holocaust and of Racial Violence was first observed in 2001. It is marked with solemn ceremonies, such as laying of wreaths at the Holocaust Memorial in Bratislava.
The Slovakia Post issued a 14 Slovak koruna stamp on the occasion of Day of Victims of Holocaust and Racism.
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