Henry VII was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death. He was the first monarch of the House of Tudor.
Henry attained the throne when his forces defeated King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field, the culmination of the Wars of the Roses. He was the last king of England to win his throne on the field of battle.
Henry was successful in restoring the power and stability of the English monarchy after the civil war. He is credited with a number of administrative, economic, and diplomatic initiatives. His supportive policy toward England's wool industry and his standoff with the Low Countries had the long-lasting benefits to the whole English economy.
After a reign of nearly 24 years, he was peacefully succeeded by his son, Henry VIII. During his reign, Henry VII made several innovations to the coinage, including the reintroduction of profile portraits in England. The above-shown groat was issued under his reign. The obverse depicted Profile portrait of the King, facing right. The reverse shows Royal Coat of Arms surrounded by Latin Legend which translates as 'I have made God my Helper'.
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