The Umayyad Caliphate was the second of the four major caliphates which were established after the death of Muhammad. During the pre-Islamic period, the Umayyads were a leading clan of the Quraysh tribe of Mecca. Eventually, their trade prosperous, economy and military got developed and lastly had political control over the region.
The word dinar derives from the Latin word denarius, which was a silver coin. The first dinars were issued by the Umayyad Caliphate.
The first gold coins were struck of 4.4 grams with one or more Arabic figures on the obverse and Arabic legends on the reverse. The design on gold coin was similar to the designs silver one except for shorter reverse legend and no annulets or inner circles.
The first dated coins of this dynasty resemble silver Dirhams of the Sassanian ruler Yazdegerd III, struck during the Caliphate of Uthman. These coins have Arabic inscription on the obverse margins which read as "in the Name of Allah".
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