Melvin Calvin was an American biochemist who received the 1961 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discovery of the Calvin cycle (chemical pathways of photosynthesis).
br> Melvin Calvin was born on April 8, 1911, in St. Paul, Minnesota, of Russian immigrant parents, Elias Calvin and Rose Herwitz. He received the B.S. degree in Chemistry in 1931 at the Michigan College of Mining and Technology, and the Ph.D. degree in Chemistry from the University of Minnesota in 1935.
br> He spent most of his five-decade career at the University of California, Berkeley. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1954. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry1961 was awarded to Melvin Calvin "for his research on the carbon dioxide assimilation in plants."
br> Among his many honors was the Priestley Medal of the American Chemical Society in 1978, the U.S. National Medal of Science in 1989, and the Davy Medal of the Royal Society in 1964. On June 16, 2011, the U.S. Postal Service issued stamps celebrating the achievements of four American scientists. Calvin’s stamp art includes a photograph of him taken by Yousuf Karsh and the background shows chemical symbols and structures he used to represent the carbon cycle in photosynthesis.
br> Image Source: colnect.com