Jind Princely State was entitled to 13 gun salute which was administered by native rulers under the indirect control of the Imperial British. The state covered a total area of 1,299 square miles and comprised of a total population of 3, 61,812 as per to the census report of 1941. It comprised of three tehsils, Sangrur, Jind and Dadri. Dadri was the largest tehsil of the state and touched the boundaries of Rajputana and Haryana. During British Raj, it was a part of Cis-Sutlej princely state until independence. It was founded by Raja Gajpat Singh in 1763. The rulers belong to Phulkian dynasty. Earlier, it was ruled by Schindia dynasty of the Maratha Empire and paid tribute to the Marathas. In Second Anglo Maratha War, Marathas were defeated and so Jind state became British protectorate.
The origin of the Jind dynasty can be traced from Phulkian family. Their roots had common ancestry of Baryam and were granted with the title of Chaudhuri by the Emperor Babur in 1526. In 1763, Jind was established by Gajpat Singh who was the grandson of Phul.
He expanded his territory but didn’t succeed in achieving the favour of the Mughals and hence he was imprisoned as hostage. He was succeeded by his son, Raja Bagh Singh. He joined the British in order to oppose the Marathas. He supported Lord Lake in expelling Marathas from Delhi in 1803. In return, he was rewarded with the territories in Delhi.
Afterwards, he suffered from a paralytic stroke which made him to appoint his wife as regent in 1814. The regent Rani Sobrahi Kaur was murdered by her younger son. But his plan of seizing empire failed and so he fled to Lahore. Eventually, eldest son Raja Fateh Singh ascended to the throne. He didn’t enjoy succession for a long and died after three years. He was succeeded by his minor son Sangat Singh.