In ancient times, various local tribes were inhabited in ancient Bundi. The Parihar Meena was a eminent community in this state. The term ‘Bundi’ can be traced from a former Meena king called Manan Shreshta. Earlier, it was called ‘Bunda-Ka-Nal’ which means narrow ways. Geographically, Bundi was located in Aravali Hills of Rajasthan. Later Rao Dev Hada took charge of it from Jaita Meena in 1342. So, they named it Haravati or Haroti. It was divided into two distinct states, Kota and Bundi on either sides of Chambal. Bundi became famous for its intricate murals paintings. The fortress of state was built on Aravali hills which acted as natural preventer from enemies.
In 1342, Bundi region was overtaken by Rao Deva Hada. Hence, the rule of Maharao of Bundi began which lasted for long, till India’s independence and after. At one instant of time, Bundi state encompassed Kota, Jhalawar and Baran.
The Maharao of Bundi developed a close relation with Sisodia clan of Mewar through matrimonial alliance. Their allied remained to be strong during war times. Mughal Emperor, Akbar tried to conquer Ranthambore during reign of Hada Rajputs of Bundi for many times. But he never succeeded to conquer it entirely. This led to Mughal empire forge an alliance with Maharao Surjan where he surrendered Ranthambore to Mughals and in return he became a Mughal vassal and was rewarded by an extra territory.