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End-of-the-Republic-of-Prekmurje

End of the Republic of Prekmurje

06 Jun 2019  Thu

On 6th June 1919, the Republic of Prekmurje came to an end as it was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.

The Republic of Prekmurje was an unrecognized state in Prekmurje, an area traditionally known in Hungarian as Vendvidek. The state bordered with Austria to the north, Hungary to the east, and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes to the west and south.

During the 10th Century, the Magyars settled the eastern part of the area north to Italy. Thus Slovenes living east of the Mura River developed a separate identity from those of west of the river under Austrian control as Prekmurje Slovenians.

After the collapse of Austria-Hungary, during World War I, secular leaders sided with the decision of founding the new state. On May 29, Tkalecz and some followers declared independence from Hungary. The Hungarian and Slovenian socialists, however, wanted to establish a Soviet system in Prekmurje.

On 6th June 1919, the Hungarian Red Army marched into Prekmurje and dismantled the shortest lived Republic. The area once was a part of the Prekmurje Republic is now a territory of Slovenia.

The stamp above is issued by the Post of Slovenia issued a stamp worth 2.01 Euros on 31st May 1919 marking the centenary of the establishment of the Republic. Designed by Gorazd Ucakar, the stamp features Slavic Matija, a biblical scholar, and a national worker and the map of the Republic.

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