The Sur dynasty was an Afghan family, which ruled in the north of India between 1540 and 1555/1556. The dynasty was founded by the conqueror Sher Shah Suri after he defeated Mughal Badshah-i-Hind (emperor) Humayun in the battle of Chausa (1539). Their rule came to and ends by a defeat leading to the restoration of the Mughal dynasty. Sur Dynasty ruled Delhi for almost 17 years, in these 17 years of reign they ruled all of the Mughal territories from modern day Afghanistan in the west to modern day Bangladesh in the east.
The real name of Sher Shah Suri was Farid Khan, the title Sher (Tiger) was given to him when he killed a tiger. Sher Shah ruled this dynasty for almost five years (1538-1545). In these five years of reign, he issued coins is all three metals gold, silver, and copper.
This silver rupee was issued by Sher Shah Suri from the mint Ujjain during the Hijri Year 949. The obverse of this coin is inscribed with the name and title of the king and reverse of this coin is inscribed with Kalima with the name of four caliphs around.
Image Courtesy: Todywalla Auction