Hafiz Rahmat Khan was the regent of the Independent kingdom Rohilkhand from 1749 CE to 1774 CE. Before being the regent to Rohilkhand he had also served as the three Mughal Emperor Ahmad Shah Bahadur, Alamgir II and Shah Alam II. He was also appointed as the mentor of Prince Mirza Jawan Bakht.
In the year 1742 CE, when the Rohilla chiefs fought as a confederacy, decisively defeated the local Mughal governor of Bareilly and Baduan. In this, they occupied the region of Pilibhit which was presented to one of the Rohilla Commander, Hafiz Rahmat Khan. Later, after the death of Ali Muhammad Khan in the year 1748, Hafiz Rahmat Khan was appointed as regent of Rohilkhand. After appointing as the regent of Rohilkhand Hafiz shifted his center from Bareilly of Pilibhit. Pilibhit is a place which is located at the edge of Rohilkhand and was also surrounded by forests, this place also uses to act as the protection from potential incursions.
This silver was issued by Hafiz Rahmat Khan in the name of Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II in the Hijri Year 1182 during the 10 years of this reign. The weight of this coin is around 11.01g and it was minted in Bisauli. The obverse of this coin is inscribed with the name and title of Shah Alam II. The reverse of this coin is inscribed with the mint name.
Image Courtesy: Oswal Antiques