Mexico Issues New 200-peso Note

2019-09-16 Mon

Mexico released a new 200-peso on 2nd September without the portrait of Sister Juana Ines de la Cruz. Sister Juana was a famous 17th Century writer whose portrait featured on Mexican banknotes for the first time in 1978. The portrait first appeared on 1,000-peso and was also shown on the 200-peso notes that were released in 1993. The new green-coloured note is made of cotton and has the dimensions 139 by 65 millimetres.

The obverse side honours two significant freedom fighters of Mexico. One of them was a priest named Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla who led a rally called “el grito de Dolores” or the “Cry of Dolores”, on 16th September 1810. Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon’s portrait is also depicted alongside. It was Jose Maria who led the independence movement after Hidalgo’s death. He is popularly known as the “Siervo de la Nación” (Servant of the Nation). The vignette shows “Campana de Dolores” (Bell of Dolores), which was used to call the protestors in Dolores Hidalgo.

The reverse side depicts a flying royal eagle over Pinacate biosphere reserve in Sonora state. It is Mexico’s scrubland and desert ecosystem, with volcanic as well as dune systems. It was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2003. The El Elegante is the largest volcanic crater in the area which is 1 mile wide 656 feet deep. The crater was formed somewhere between 5 million and 150,000 years ago. Apart from historic craters like these, 560 plant species, some of the world’s largest cacti, 40 species of mammals, 200 bird species, and 40 reptiles are also protected in this reserve.

The new notes will circulate along with the old ones. The new ones will feature the text 25 ANIVERSARIO DE LA AUTONOMIA 1994–2019 (25th Anniversary of Autonomy 1994–2019), indicating the Mexican Constitution’s amendment, after which Bank of Mexico was termed as an autonomous institution.

Image Courtesy: Bank of Mexico