Al Kamil becomes Sultan of the Ayyubid dynasty

2019-08-31 Sat

Al-Kamil Abu'l-Ma'ali Muhammad I-also known as Al Kamil was the fourth Sultan of the Ayyubid dynasty reigning from 1218 to 1238 AD. He ruled Egypt, Palestine, and Syria during the fifth and sixth crusades. During his tenure as sultan, the Ayyubids defeated the Fifth Crusade.

Al- Kamil was the son of Sultan Al- Adil, who was laying siege to the city of Mardin in 1199. Al-Adil left al-Kamil to command the forces around Mardin continuing the siege. On his accession to the sultanate, Al-Kamil engaged the armies of the Fifth Crusades and eventually negotiated their withdrawal from Egypt in 1221. Al-Kamil exemplified the Islamic laws of war.

The above shown gold Dinar was issued under his reign from Al Qahira mint. The obverse of a coin depicted the inscription ‘Ayyub al-Kamil Abu'l-Ma'ali Muhammad I’. on the other hand, the reverse of a coin is inscribed as ‘al-Imam Al Mansur Abu Jafar Al Muntasir Billah Amir-ul-Monin’.

Image Source: Heritage Auctions