The term first Spouse refers to the spouse of Chief executive i.e. the spouse of President of the United States of America. Sometimes the term First Spouse is also referred to as the First lady of the United States of America. Although First Lady is an unofficial term used for the wife of a non-monarchical head of state or chief executive. The term First Lady is also described as a woman seen to be at the top of her profession or art. Today we will discuss the First Spouse Gold Commemorative Coins of the United States of America.
The term the first spouse was first used in the year 1985 when the National Governors Association encouraged states first ladies to pursue their own distinct causes and public agendas. The United States of America had issued the first spouse $10 gold commemorative coin to honor the first spouse of the United States of America. The First Spouse Gold Commemorative Coins of the United States of America feature the images of the first spouses in the order they served as the first spouse.
The earliest in the list of First Spouse Gold Commemorative Coins is Abigail Adams. The wife and a close advisor of John Adams who was the second president of the United States of America from 1797 to 1801. She was also a mother of John Quincy Adams-the sixth president of the United States of America. Abigail Adams was also one of the founders of the United States of America. Abigail Adams is designated as the second First Lady of the United States of America.
Abigail Adams was born as Abigail Smith on November 11, 1744, in Weymouth, Massachusetts. She spent her childhood as a devoted reader studying the working of William Shakespeare and John Milton. Both Abigail and John Adams were the third cousins and were known to each other since their childhood. Later, they both got married to each other.
After marriage, Abigail Adams joined John Adams in Europe from 1784 to 1788. During that time, John Adams served as an American diplomat in France and as the first United States Minister in Great Britain. When John Adams became President in the year 1979 the couple moved to the White House. They were the first couple to live in the White House after they arrived in Washington in November 1800.
The United States of America had issued this commemorative 10 dollar gold coin with the theme of Abigail Adams as First Spouse in the year 2007. The obverse of this coin depicts the bust of Abigail Adams facing towards the left in the center. The reverse of the coin depicts Abigail Adams writing a memorable letter to her husband while he was in Philadelphia.
The United States of America had issued this 10 dollars gold commemorative coin with the theme of Dolley Madison. She was the first lady of the United States of America from 1809 to 1817. Dolley Madison was the wife of James Madison, the fourth president of the United States of America from 1809 to 1817.
Dolley Madison was born in the year 1768 in North Carolina. After her birth, her family moved her to their home colony of Virginia. Dolley Madison is always remembered as one of the most charming and entertaining First Ladies of her era. She is well-known for holding Washington’s social functions in which she invited the members of both political parties; essentially she was spearheading the concept of bipartisan cooperation.
Dolley Madison had remained as one of the most important women in the United States of America for more than half a century. She is also remembered as one of the most beloved ladies of the White House. Dolley Madison also played an important role in furnishing the new construction of the White House. During the war in the year 1812, when Dolley Madison was forced to flee from the White House by the British Army; her quick thinking saved a portrait of George Washington from being destroyed by fire.
The obverse of this coin depicts the bust of Dolley Madison with the inscription ‘DOLLEY MADISON’ written at the top; the inscription ‘IN GOD WE TRUST’ and ‘LIBERTY’ year ‘2007’ and mintmark ‘w’ written on the left and right sides of the coin. The inscription 4 and year 1809-1817’ written at the bottom of the coin. The reverse side of the coin depicts First Lady during one of her most recounted moments; when she saved the cabinet papers and a Gilbert Stuart portrait of George Washington just before approaching British troops set the White House on fire.
Elizabeth Monroe holds a special place among the series First Spouse Gold Commemorative Coins. She was the wife of James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States of America from 1817 to 1825. Elizabeth was born in the year 1768 in New York City and got married to James Monroe at the age of 17. She was the first lady of the United States of America from 1817-1825. Though Elizabeth Monroe is well known for beauty and elegance, her loneliness made her unpopular.
Elizabeth Monroe was born as Elizabeth Kortright in the year 1768 in New York City. On January 1, 1818, both Elizabeth and James held her grand New Year’s Day reception marking the reopening of the White House. The White House got burned by the British during the war in the year 1814. The coupled also supplied some of their furniture to the government because the White was almost empty when they moved in.
The United States of America had issued this commemorative gold 10 dollars with the theme of Elizabeth Monroe. The obverse of this coin depicts the bust of Elizabeth Monroe. The reverse of the coin depicts Elizabeth Monroe at the reception after the reopening of the White House in 1818.
Letitia Tyler was born on 12th November 1790. She was the first wife of John Tyler- the tenth president of the United States of America who was in office between1841and 1845. She was the first lady of the United States of America for a very short period from 1841 until her death in 1842.
Letitia was born at Cedar Grove to Mary and Colonel Robert Christian. As a child, Letitia was shy, quiet, pious and selfless. She devoted all her life to her family. Although due to her poor health Letitia was not able to fulfill her normal social duties of First Lady; but she devoted her life to the entertaining and household management of the White House.
The United States of America had issued this commemorative coin with the theme of Letitia Tyler in the year 2009. The obverse of this coin depicts the bust of Letitia Tyler and the reverse of this coin depicts Letitia Tyler and her two children. The background of this coin depicts Cedar Grove Plantation, the plantation building and fields visible in the distance.
The last entry of the First Spouse Gold Commemorative Coins series is Sarah Polk who was born on 4th September 1803 to Elizabeth Whitsitt and Joel Childress-a prominent planter, merchant, and a land speculator. She was the third of their six children of Elizabeth and Joel. Sarah Childress Polk received an education traditionally available only to the most privileged young women of her time.
Sarah Polk devoted her married life to her husband James K. Polk’s political career. She used to organize his campaigns, writing speeches, handling his correspondence and developing a network of valuable political friendships. She also used to read newspapers and magazines and marked the important articles and leaves them on a chair outside the President’s office for him to read.
The United States of America had issued this commemorative gold 10 dollars with the theme of Sarah Polk in the year 2009.