The Aghlabid emir Ibrahim II of Ifriqiya

27 Jun 2019  Thu

The Aghlabids were an Arab dynasty of Amirs, who ruled Ifriqiya, nominally on behalf of the Abbasid Caliph, for about a century, until overthrown by the new power of the Fatimids. They controlled an area that included Northern Africa, which today encompasses Tunisia, the eastern half of Algeria, and Tripolitania. The Aghlabid kingdom reached its high point under Ahmad ibn Muhammad (856-863).

Abu Ishaq Ibrahim was the son of the Aghlabid Amir Ahmad of Ifriqiya. His 28 years of reign saw a period of prosperity in Ifriqya. Although Ibrahim II inherited a kingdom depopulated by the plague of 874, his reign was economically prosperous.

A coinage reform he undertook in 888-889 provoked riots in Kairouan, which had to be suppressed, but it also resulted in an influx of precious metal from the eastern caliphate. The above shown gold Dinar was issued during his reign. The obverse of a coin portrays the Kalima on the field ‘La Ilaha Illallah Wahdahu La Sharika Lahu Balagh’. Margin depicts the legend ‘Muhammadur Rasulullah Arsalahu Bi’l Huda Wa Din Al Haq Li-Yuzhirahu Ala Al-Din Kullihi. The reverse of a coin read as ‘Ghalab Muhammad Rasul Allah Ibrahim’.

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