Also known in history as the Deccan Sultanate, the Bahmani Sultanate was the first independent Islamic kingdom in South India. It was established by Alauddin Hasan Bahman Shah in 1347.
Kalim Allah Shah was the last king to rule the Bahmani Sultanate from 1526 to 1538 AD. During this period a new political force has appeared in northern India in the form of the Mughal warlord, Babur. All Deccan rulers sent their congratulations to the Mughal conqueror. Kalim-Allah Shah also writes, begging for relief from Amir Barid. The news of this leaks out and Kalim-Allah Shah flees, first to Bijapur and then Ahmednagar, where he is murdered on the general agreement of the Deccan rulers.
When he died in A.D 1538 (A.H 945) his son Ilham Allah made his way to Mecca, never to return. And with that, the Bahmani sultanate comes to an end.
During the reign, Kalim Allah Shah issued copper coins in the denomination of Gani. The obverse of a coin depicted the Persian legend ‘kalimullah al-sultan bin Mahmud shah al-bahmani’. On the other hand, the reverse of a coin bore with the inscription ‘al-mu'ayyad bi-nasr allah al-malik al-qawl al-ghani’.
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