Kosala was an ancient Kingdom that emerged as a small state during the Vedic period in India. In the 5th Century, BC Kosala incorporated the territory of the Shakya clan, to which the Buddha belonged. According to the Buddhist text Anguttara Nikaya and the Jain text, Bhagavati Sutra, Kosala was one of the sixteen Mahajanapadas during the 6th Century B.C.The political and cultural strength of Kosala was earned as a great power.
The region of Kosala had three main cities Ayodha, Saket, and Shravasti. The mention of Kosala had also been found in the epic like Ramayana, Mahabharata, and Puranas. The ruling family of the Kosala kingdom was descended from king Ikshvaku. The Ikshvakus were the ruling clan of Kosala (now Oudh or Awadh). They were defeated by Ajatashatru of the Haryanka dynasty.
This silver that weighs around 2.61g was issued from Kosala Janapada during the ancient period.
Image Courtesy: Todywalla Auction