The India Independence Act 1947 Comes into Force

18 Jul 2019  Thu

On July 18th, 1947, the India Independence Act 1947 was given the royal assent and came into force. The India Independence Act was a United Kingdom act of parliament which separated British India into two new dominions of India and Pakistan. Pakistan came into being on August 14th, 1947 and India on August 15th of the same year.

After the representatives of the Indian National Congress, the Muslim League and the Sikh community came to an agreement with Lord Mountbatten. The legislation was formed by the government of then British Prime Minister Clement Attlee which has come to be known as the 3 June Plan or the Mountbatten plan.

The 3 June Plan, also known as the Mountbatten plan, declared that the partition of India was accepted by the British Government, successor governments would get a dominion status and an absolute right to withdraw from the British Commonwealth. The India Independence Act of 1947 was an implementation of the 3 June Plan.

The Act’s most important provisions were that British India would be divided into two completely sovereign dominions of Pakistan and India and would come into effect from August 15th, 1947. It was decided that the states of Punjab and Bengal would be divided between both India and Pakistan. The title of “Emperor of India” was to be dropped by the British Monarch.

The Independence of India was followed by Partition came in the Month of August of the year 1947 with the rights to issue her own legal tender. The stamp shown above was one of the first stamps issued by India after independence with the denomination of 3½ Annas along with the National Flag of the newly independent country.

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