Ghiyath Al-Din Bahadur Shah was son and Shamsuddin Firoz Shah and also Sultan of Bengal. Ghiyath Al-Din Bahadur Shah sat on the throne of Bengal in the year 1322 CE. After ruling successfully for two years; in the year AD 1324, he lost the battle to Ghiyath Al-Din Tughluq; Ghiyath Al-Din Tughluq captured him and taken to Delhi as the prisoner.
In the same year, Muhammad bin Tughluq; son of Ghiyath-ud-din Tughluq released him and made him governor of East Bengal in Sunargaon. Later; after two years, Ghiyath Al-Din Bahadur issued gold and silver coins bearing his name and the name of Muhammad bin Tughluq. These coins were struck by the order of Ghiyath Al-Din Bahadur, who trusts in Allah Muhammad Tughluq. But, in the later years, it was regarded as the act of rebellion. Ghiyath Al-Din Bahadur has a rebellion against his Delhi master Muhammad Bin Tughluq and this had led to his unfortunate death.
This gold Tanka issued by Ghiyath Al-din Bahadur Shah in the name of Muhammad Bin Tughluq was sold for INR 81,000 in an auction of Classical Numismatic Gallery held on 14th December 2018. The weight of this coin is around 10.96. Obverse of this coin is inscribed as ‘Duriba Bi-Amr Al-Wathiq Billah Muhammad Bin Thuhluq Shah’. The reverse of this coin is inscribed as ‘Al-Sultan Al-Muazzam Ghiyath Al-Dunya Wa’l Din Abul Muzaffar Bahadur Shah Al-Sultan Bin Sultan’.
Image Courtesy: Classical Numismatic Gallery