Herbert Hoover was born on 10th August 1874 in the West Branch, Iowa. He grew up in Newberg, Oregon where he completed his studies. He had completed his graduation in the year 1895 from Stanford University and became a mining engineer. Later he had also held government positions like public administrator, food relief coordinator and he was also a secretary of commerce under Presidents Harding and Coolidge. In the year 1928, he led his nomination for the Presidency. He became the 31st President of the United State in the year 1929. But, the year 1929 marked as the greatest fall in the U.S economy and U.S had gone under the depression.
Although his predecessors’ policies undoubtedly contributed to the crisis, which lasted over a decade, Hoover bore much of the blame in the minds of the American people for these crises. Due to this reason he defeated badly in the year 1932 presidential election by Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945). After leaving office, Hoover retired to New York City and wrote articles, books, and answers to as many as 20,000 letters a month. He died there in 1964.
The United States has issued his one dollar commemorative coin in the year 2014 with his portrait on the obverse side of the coin.
Image Courtesy: usmint.gov