Qutb Al-Din Mubarak (AH 716-720; AD 1316-1320) was the ruler of Delhi and third ruler of Khilji dynasty. This dynasty had Turkish origins. The people who lived in an area of Afghanistan called Khalj were known as Khilji. They had adopted Afghan manners and customs and later migrated to India.
Qutb Al-Din Mubarak ruled for four years, during these four years of reign he issued a variety of denominations in his square and round coins. The early coins issued by Qutb Al-Din Mubarak were in round shapes which were later replaced by square shaped coins.
This square gold tanka which weighs around 10.9 g was sold for INR 4,20,000 at Todywalla Auction held in Ahmadabad on 9th February 2018. The obverse of this coin is inscribed as ‘Al Imam Al Azam Khalifa Rabb Al Alamin Qutb Al Dunya Wa'd Din Abu'l Muzaffar Mubarak Shah’. The reverse of the coin is inscribed as ‘Al Sultan Ibn Al Sultan Al Wathiq Billa Amir Al Muminin’ within a square border, AH date 719 and the mint name ‘Qila Qutbabad’ written in the margin.
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