The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1902 was awarded to Ronald Ross "for his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it.
On 20 August 1897, in Secunderabad, Ross made his landmark discovery. While dissecting the stomach tissue of an anopheline mosquito fed four days previously on a malarious patient, he found the malaria parasite and went on to prove the role of Anopheles mosquitoes in the transmission of malaria parasites in humans.
While Ross is remembered for his malaria work, this remarkable man was also a mathematician, epidemiologist, sanitarian, editor, novelist, dramatist, poet, amateur musician, composer, and artist. He was featured on an Rs.2 stamp of India, issued in 1997. The stamp depicts his portrait on a white background.
India Post also issued a 15 Naya Paisa stamp on the occasion of World Health Day. The stamp was issued with the slogan “The World United Against Malaria” and depicts a globe as a worldwide co-operation. The bottom of the globe features Malaria Mosquito being attacked by Staff of Aesculapius which represents medicine.
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