The-Night-of-the-Three-Caliphs

The Night of the Three Caliphs

14 Sep 2020  Mon

This date in 786 CE is known as the Night of the Three Caliphs because on this day Harun al-Rashid became the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi who had a short reign as caliph, and Harun’s son al-Mamun was born today, and he succeeded his father. For now, we will focus on coinage and glorious of Caliph Harun.

Harun al-Rashid the fifth Abbasid Caliph ruled from 786 to 809, during the peak of the Islamic Golden Age. His epithet "al-Rashid" translates to "the Orthodox", "the Just", "the Upright", or "the Rightly-Guided". He established the legendary library Bayt al-Hikma ("House of Wisdom") in Baghdad, and during his rule, Baghdad began to flourish as a center of knowledge, culture, and trade. In 796, he moved his court and government to Raqqa in present-day Syria.

Harun's life and the court have been the subject of many other tales, both factual and fictitious. A silver dirham minted in Madinat al-Salam (Bagdad) in 170 AH (786 CE). At the reverse, the inner marginal inscription says: "By order of the slave of God, Harun, Commander of the Faithful".

Image Source: Wikipedia.org

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