Chhota Udaipur or Chota Udepur was a princely state situated in Gujarat part of Bombay Presidency during the British era. This state shared its history with Devgadh Baria and Rajpipla as one of the three princely states of eastern Gujarat. Chhota Udaipur was a second class state under the Rewa Kantha Agency and merged with the Union of India on March 10, 1948.
The rulers of Chhota Udaipur claimed their lineage from Chauhan Rajput family (Prithviraj Chauhan) which descended from the famous Patai Rawal, the last Chauhan Chief of Champaner. When Champaner was captured by Muhammad Begda, a 12 years siege was fought between the two parties. It ultimately came into the hands of Begda in 1484.
Jayasinghji Patai Rawal, the ruler at that time, died defending his home. His two descendents Prithviraj Singhji and Doongar Singhji then conquered all the areas around them. Hereafter the elder brother Prithviraj Singhji established the kingdom of Chhota–Udaipur on the banks of the river Orsang. Doongar Singhji went north to establish the kingdom of Devgadh-Baria around 50 kilometers away. Not much information is known about the later rulers. All rulers bore the title of Maharawal. The following is their lineage:
Maharawal Pratap Singhji (1743-1762)
Maharawal Arsi Singhji (1762-1771)
Maharawal Hamir Singhji (1771-1777)
Maharawal Bhim Singhji (1777-1822)
Maharawal Guman Singhji (1822-1851, succeeded by his nephew)
Maharawal Jit Singhji (1851-1881, bravely resisted Tatya Tope during the War of 1857. Tatya was defeated by General Parke when they encamped before the town of Chhota Udaipur)
Maharawal Moti Singhji (1881-1895)
Maharawal Fateh Singhji (1895-1923, he married Maharani Samaj Kunverba Sahiba, daughter of the Raja of Rajpipla)
Maharawal Natwar Singhji (1923-1946, he was educated at Rajkumar College, Rajkot and married three times. He suddenly died while on holiday in Lisbon in 1946, succeeded by minor son only 11 years old)
Maharawal Virendra Singhji (1946-2005)
Jai Pratap Singhji (2005 to Present)
The family at one time occupied the fort at Mohan, whose ruins are still visible. The area of the state was 873 square miles and its population consisted chiefly of Bhils, Kolis and other aboriginal tribes. The Mahawaral maintained a military force of 50 cavalry, 256 infantry and 4 guns. The state was entitled a salute of 9 guns.
Copper paisa coins we issued by Guman Singhji, Jit Singhji and Moti Singhji. They had Gujarati characters with denomination mentioned in the centre of a lined circle usually followed with a scimitar pointing left with the name of ruling chief. The reverse had the date with ‘Savasthan Chhota Udepor’ in Gujarati.