Sitamau princely state was situated in the south-western plateau of Malwa. The total covered area was 523 square kilometres. It was founded by a Meena chief, Sataji on which state name was kept. The boundaries of the state touched Indore and Gwalior in northern side, Jaora and Dewas in the south, Jhalawar state of Rajpuatana in the east and on the west side by Gwalior. The principal river of the state was Chambal which forms the eastern boundary and was used as a source for irrigation.
The chief of Sitamau belongs to Rathore Rajput of Jodhpur family and had nexus with Rajas of Ratlam and Sailana. It was founded by Kesho Das, grandson of Ratan Singh from Ratlam who received Titroda, Nahargarh and Alot parganas from Aurangzeb in 1695. Of these, Nahargarh and Alot were seized by the chiefs of Gwalior and Dewas respectively.
. Kesho Das was succeeded by his eldest son Gaj Singh. He ruled for 18 years and then succeeded by Fateh Singh. Fateh Singh shifted his capital to Laduna which was situated at 3 miles of south of former capital, Sitamau due to Maratha’s terror. In 1787, He minted coins on his name and these coins remained in circulation for a next one century. In 1802, he passed away in Laduna Garh and was succeeded by Raj Singh. The threats of Marathas further increased.
After the Pindari war, Sir John Malcolm met Daulat Rao Sindhia and Raja Raj Singh of Sitamau and made them to pay annual tribute of Rs 33,000 to Sindhia which latter reduced to Rs 27,000. He was a patron and shelter provider to poets and laureates and also granted jagirs to them. He died after falling from a horse. He had two sons – Ratan Singh and Abhay Singh. Abhay Singh died at the age of twenty and Ratan Singh was acquainted with knowledge of multiple languages such as Hindi, Urdu, Braj, Sanskrit, Dingal, etc. He wrote poetries under the pen name, Natnagar. He also wrote Natnagar Vinod, Diwan-e-Usshak and Ashwa Vichar books.