Rampura Princely state was a part of Rohilkhand of United Provinces. It covered an area of 893 square miles. The state’s boundaries were bounded by Naini Tal in the north, Bareilly in the east, Budaun in the south and Moradabad in the west. Ramganga River flows from north-west to south-east across the southern part of the state. Other two important rivers of the state were Koshi and Nahal. It is rich in alluvial soil with hardly any rocky land. The commonly found animals of this region were leopard, tiger, hog, antelope, nilgai, hares, partridges, quail, wild duck, florican and small sand grouse.
The early history of the state is similar to that of Rohilkhand. During the 17th century, both the brothers, Shah Alam and Husain Khan joined the service of Mughal Emperor. Daud Khan, son of Shah Alam joined Marathas army and received a grant of land near Badaun. In 1719, his adopted son, Ali Muhammad received the title of Nawab and a grant of a bigger part of Rohikhand agency.
In 1745, he lost a war with the Subhadar of Oudh, Safdar Jang, was compelled to surrender all his territories and was arrested at Delhi for six month. After his release, he was appointed as Governor of Sirhind, Mughal province. In 1748, he took the advantage of contemporary politics and expanded his territories in Rohikhand. Eventually, he also got approval from Mughal emperor, Ahmad Shah Bahadur. After his death, his empire was split among his sons. He was succeeded by his youngest son, Faiz-ullah Khan.
At the time of war with Marathas, Rohillas chief asked for help from Nawab Wazir of Oudh. They agreed to help but on the condition of a payment of 40 lakhs. However, Rohilla failed to pay them back and hence Nawab Wajir, with the help of Warren Hasting defeated Rohilla and brought their land under Oudh’s control. Rohilla paid 15 lakhs and got their estate back. In 1793, Faiz-ullah Khan died which led to a conflict among the sons. His eldest son was murdered and therefore the youngest son succeeded the throne.