The term ‘Arcot’ is said to be derived from Tamil word Aarukaadu which means ‘Six Forests’. In local folklore, Arcot was described as a lush region flanked with forests which was believed to be resided by sages and seers. The Arcot Princely state was situated in the Carnatic region of South India between about 1690 and 1855. The term ‘carnatic’ was given by Europeans to southern India between the Eastern Ghats and the Coromandel coast of Madras presidency, present day Tamil Nadu state. The Arcot reign can be divided into two phases into – Nawayat (1710- 1744) and Wallajah (1744- 1855). Arcot struggled a lot initially to establish an independent state after the fall of Mughals in the North and Vijayanagar in the South. The Nawab of Arcot had to compete with his contemporary rulers such as Tanjore, Madurai, Mysore, Marathas and the Nizams of Hyderabad. Arcot- Carnatic rule consisted of present day Tinnevelly, Ramnand, Madurai, Trichinopoly, Tanjore, South Arcot, Chegleput and North Arcot in Tamil Nadu and Chittor and Nellore in Andhara Desha.

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