The history of the Malwa Sultans is not known to many. An independent late-medieval kingdom in present-day region of Malwa by Dilawar Khan Ghuri, the Sultanate of Malwa was established in 1392 CE with its capital at Dhar. It was later shifted to Mandu, which was renamed Shadiabad by the Malwa Sultans. The founder Dilawar Khan Ghuri was succeeded by his son, Alp Khan who ruled under the name, Hoshang Shah.
The Ghuri Dynasty was overthrown by the Khilji Dynasty led by Mahmud Shah I in1436 CE. The last ruler of the Khilji Dynasty surrendered to the Gujarat Sultan Bahadur Shah after Mandu Fort fell. The region later came under control of Humayun. Qadir Shah, an ex-officer of the previous Khilji Dynasty rulers of Malwa, regained control over part of the kingdom. He, however, was defeated by Sher Shah Suri. Suri appointed Shua’ajat Khan as governor of Malwa.
Baz Bahadur, Shua’ajat’s son, declared himself as an independent ruler. Baz Bahadur was defeated by Akbar’s army in 1561 CE. Bahadur managed to regain control over Malwa for a short period in 1562 CE but was defeated once more by Akbar after which he fled to Chittor, bringing about the end of the Malwa Sultanate.
Malwa is known for its architecture and art which flourished under the Sultans. Many palaces and forts stand testament to the architectural prowess of the Malwa Sultanate. Coins of the sultanate were issued in Gold, Silver and Copper and were issued in various denominations.