Kalat princely state was situated in the province of Baluchistan and bound on the west by Persia, on the east by the Bolan Pass, the Marrii and Bugti hills, and on the south by Las Bela and Arabian Sea. Traversed by the armies of Alexander the Great, occupied by the Arabs, Afghans and Persians, conducting its foreign trade through Omani-held port of Gwadar, Kalat, together with its vassal states of Kharan, Makran and Lasbela entered the modern era by the way of contacts with Britishers of various quality. The political connection of the British with Kalat commences from the outbreak of the First Afghan War in 1839, when this area was traversed by a British army from Sind and afterwards occupied.

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