Jaipur was ruled from the 12th century till India's independence by different rulers in different ages such as Dhundhar kingdom, Kachwaha kingdom, Amber kingdom and Jaipur Kingdom. The state was directly ruled by Mughal Empire and then indirectly by the British. It was centred around Jaipur and nearby areas with Jaipur town as a capital.

The Maharajas of Jaipur traced their roots to kacchwaha clan of Rajputs who claimed to be descendent of Hindu God Rama. After the collapse of Mughal Empire, Jaipur witnessed internal conflicts with Jats, Marathas, other Rajput states, Pindaris and the British. From 1818, it entered into the subsidiary alliance system with the British. During Revolt of 1857, Maharaja decided to remain loyal with the British and sent military forces to assist the British to suppress the uprising in other places.

Jaipur was incorporated into Union of India in 1948 and later became the capital of Rajasthan state.

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