Tonk Princely state is located at present day border of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. It Tonk was the only state in Rajasthan which was ruled by Muslim rulers in the nineteen century. In 1817, this state signed a subsidiary alliance treaty and became a protectorate of the British. Tonk accessed to Union of India on 7th April 1949.
Taleh Khan belongs to Afghan Salarzai Pashtun tribes from Buner. He migrated to India and settled in Surai Turina during the reign of Muhammad Shah. His grandson, Amir Khan joined Pashtun tribal formation and served as fire-booters and mercenaries. He rose to a military-commander of Yashwantrao Holkar of Maratha Empire in 1798. He received Tonk state as a reward from Holkar in 1806.
After the third Anglo- Maratha war of 1817, Amir Khan signed a subsidiary alliance treaty with the British East India Company and thereafter he received the title of ‘Nawab’. He was asked to disband his forces and look after only at internal affairs of his state. Hence, Tonk came under the supervision of Rajputana Agency. Tonk was comprised of six districts. The Princely states such as Tonk, Aligarh and Nimbahera came under Rajputana agency and Chhabra, Pirawa and Sironj were part of the Central Indian Agency. Amir Khan died in 1834 and was succeeded by his eldest son Wazir Khan.