Independent Kingdom (Mysore)

The Mysore Kingdom was located in the southern part of India and existed between 1399 CE and 1947 CE. Between 1399 to 1565 CE, the Wodeyar family ruled Mysore as a vassal state to the Vijayanagara Empire. As the Vijayanagara Empire declined, Mysore became independent.

This Kingdom was established as a vassal state in 1399 CE by Yaduraya. His successors ruled as feudatories. The first powerful Wodeyar ruler to emerge was Raja Wodeyar who gained control of Srirangapatna from the Vijayanagara governor, Aravidu Tirumalla. Raja Wodeyar also annexed Channapatna to the north from Jagadeva Raya. By 1612-12 CE, the Wodeyar dynasty ruled autonomously. Although having acknowledged the Aravidus as nominal overlords, the tributes and transfer of revenues to Chandragiri, the king of the diminished Vijayanagara Empire, stopped.

Chamraja VI and Kanthirava Narasaraja I attempted to expand their territories to the north, but were repelled by the forces of the Bijapur Sultanate and their Maratha subordinates. Bijapur armies under Ra?adullah Khan attempted to attack the kingdom but were effectively repelled at Srirangapatna. The rulers then turned their attention to the south with Narasaraja annexing Satyamangalam in the present-day district of North Coimbatore. His successor, Dodda Devaraja Wodeyar, expanded further and annexed Erode and Dharmapuri.

Mysore was invaded by the Keladi Nayakas and was repelled successfully. Chikka Devaraja, who reigned between 1672 and 1704 CE, was the most notable of early Mysore kings. He forged strategic alliances with the Mughals and Marathas. The cities of Salem and Bangalore to the east, Hassan to the west, Chikkamaga?uru and Tumkur to the north, and the rest of the Coimbatore district to the south were soon annexed. Despite extensive expansion, Mysore remained landlocked without direct coastal access. Chikka Devaraja attempted to remedy this, but it created a conflict with the Nayakas of Ikkeri and the Rajas of Kodagu (present-day Coorg) who controlled the Kanara coast and intervening hill regions respectively. The conflict gave mixed results. While Mysore annexed Periyapatna, they suffered a reversal at Palupare.

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